CAA full form means the Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 is passed recently on 11 December 2019 as we very well and much known about this Act.
But in this article, we provide our users’ detailed information on the formation story of the CAA full form. As we hope you will get lots of information on this article.
At the starting of CAA full form, we introduce with CAB bill, which was passed in Parliament systematically by the BJP Government.
After becoming an act, it faces lots of protests from the various stream of areas of the country.
Similarly, we made a small introduction about NRC full form in this article as you realize actual base reasons for implementing the CAA full form act throughout the country.
How CAA full form become an Act?
CAB full form, as a Citizenship Amendment Bill, presents the ruling party Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) under the leadership of Honourable PM Narendra Modi.
Firstly, the CAB bill purposing by the BJP government in 2016 for the amendment of Citizenship law by introducing a new one scenario of the law.
But the act delay due to it was not passed in the Rajya Subha, only in the Lok Sabha, it successfully voted because on the reason massive protest bear in northeast India.
In the 2019 campaigning of the BJP government’s commitment to fast track process of pertaining Citizenship, basically for Non-Muslim community that is immigrant.
The ruling party succeeded in being an act of citizenship amendment bill is now representing as Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 after the procedure made in the Parliament.
The achievement in the Parliament ruling party (BJP) gets votes for CAB bill in favor of counts of 125 votes and against the Government is 105 votes.
After that, the finishing procedure of becoming the Act President of India (Current Honourable Ramnath Kovind) permitted the CAA act.
The presidents’ consent for the CAA act received on the next day after the bill passed in Parliament on 12 December 2019; on 10 January 2020, it’s come into force as a new act.
The concept of CAA Full form:
The act CAA provides an amended version of the Citizenship Act 1955, and the Act inserted a religion base criterion intentionally to held Citizenship.
The amendment says that the immigrant from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan who had fled from their home country which are not Muslim, is the ones eligible to take Citizenship of India.
Prominently, the religions involved in the criterion are the Sikhs, Jains, Hindus, Buddhist, Parsi, and Christians who migrated in India before 2014 are officially liable to take Citizenship.
The category of the migrant population, who are migrating before 2014, are genuinely liable to held for Citizenship, as considered in the 2019 amendment.
The migrated population were victims in the neighboring country of India on religious purpose, or they have a fear of persecution, they are eligible to take Citizenship.
The Citizenship Act 1955 (CAA full form):
On the commencement of the Indian Constitution, the respected Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar inserted guaranteed Citizenship to all over the resident Indian population.
The insertion base no discrimination on religious purpose because India was having the essence meaning of secularism. As we know, the root of India is a Secular Country.
In 1950, The Constitution of India gives that all fundamental rights to the people who reside in India according to this Indian Government implemented legislation “The Citizenship Act 1955.
The Citizenship Act 1955 gives a means to the foreigners can acquire Citizenship in India, another that the people form “Undivided India” had the rights to take registration after seven years in residency in India.
And also those people from other countries given possession through naturalization after the twelve years of the residency in India, all three criteria involved at the commencement of Act.
- Amendment of Act in 1985:
Latterly, around 1980, at the time of political development, the Assam movements gets converted to become in violation against those populations who migrated from Bangladesh.
This movement of Assam violation triggers the Citizenship Act 1955, and the first time the Act was amended in 1985.
In 1985, the Honorable Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi had agreed to find out the foreigners in-country and order to expel from the country and remove from electoral rolls.
- Amendment of the Act in 2003 December:
The NDA (National Democratic Alliance) Government led by Hindu Nationalist (BJP) Bhartiya Janta Party amended the citizenship act in December 2003.
In this amendment, BJP introduced the new concept “Illegal Immigrants” by explaining that the person not eligible for applying to hold Citizenship under the Registration and Naturalisation.
On the above basis, the Citizenship who holds are illegal migrants, as well as their children, are also considered as illegal immigrants.
- Illegal Immigrants:
In the concepts of illegal immigrants, the people entered into India without valid travel documents and remains resided in the country beyond the period permitted in travel documents had convinced for jailed.
In the time of 2003, mandated that the creation of National Registered of Citizen (NRC) either bill was support by the Indian National Congress party or other left parties like CPI. (Communist Party of India).
Bangladeshi Immigrants In India:
In India, a vast number of immigrant travel at the time of forming of Bangladesh and until they are lived in India freely.
The Task Force of border management evaluates the count of immigrants; around 15 million of the illegally migrated population in 2001 quoted.
Whereas, the 12 million illegal immigrants had been quoted by the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government in 2004.
The reason is enormous migration in India from Bangladesh is their porous border, historical migration patterns, economic ideas, and cultural and linguistic ties.
Eventually, the illegally migrated Bangladeshi received all rights in India as voting rights, having all the possession.
Since the massive number of Pakistani Hindu refugees traveled to India from Pakistan in search of shelter, they are until living together. As citing of religious persecution or forcefully conversion of religion.
From Pakistan, every year estimated 5000 refugees arrive and getting residency in India as well as from Bangladesh; over 5-13 million refugees traveled over decades.
BJP’s Agenda on Illegal Migrants:
The 3D agenda of BJP since 1996 that “Detention, Deletion, and Deportation” of the illegal immigrants.
On-time of State Assembly Elections, BJP Government had promised to the population of the border state of Assam that they will get rid out of this problem.
Simultaneously, they also solved the problem of Hindu refugees who fled in Bangladesh for religious purposes.
The BJP Government introduced a bill to amend Citizenship Law, further it was stalled at the time of bill presentation because it had widespread political opposition and protests from Northeast India.
Indian General Elections,
In the General Election of 2014, the BJP promised to the Hindu Refugees migrant from neighboring countries for “Natural Homes.”
On the election of Assam, the Government granted the long term visa based on refugees belonging to religious minorities from Pakistan and Bangladesh.
The BJP took efforts behind to update the NRC registry in the State of Assam and implemented under supreme court supervision.
The updated NRC registry disclosed in public of Assam in 2019, approximately 1.9 million residents expelled from the list; all people go in danger of losing their Citizenship.
That expel list includes many of the voters who supported the BJP government in the election period, as well as dominant Bengali Hindus, who were affected.
The primary motive of the ruling party for this amendment is to protect the Non-Muslim community migrated from neighboring countries of India decided to give them Citizenship.
Criticism against the Citizenship Amendment Act:
In large scale criticism against the Act had made, that the Act discriminates on a religious basis because they involved only non-Muslim religions.
Critics’ concerns against the Act,
the bill used along with the NRC registry, they seem that the Government was targeting Muslim citizens for being them stateless and forcibly unable to meet strict demand of birth and identity proof requirements.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) made an explanation about the Act is the Act was “Fundamentally discrimination.”
While India is a secular country so that India having a primary goal in protecting groups, people of different religions are most welcome in the country.
Critics also question the Government that what about the exclusion of those religious minorities from other region faced persecution in Tibet, Myanmar, and Shri Lanka.
But the Government only focuses on the three neighboring countries of India, so the Muslims are unintentionally discriminate against on a religious basis and faced the fear of persecution.
Protest against CAA in Assam and North-eastern State.
The passing of legislation in Parliament revert in massive protest by the protestor of the Assam and North-eastern State of India, in fear of the Government’s decision.
The actual fear across the protestor is the Government grants Citizenship to refugees and immigrants can cause in their legal rights like “Land rights, political and cultural rights.”
This legislation affects legal rights of resident populace state nearer of Bangladesh, and also protestor thinks Gov. motivates the migration from Bangladesh.
NRC and CAA combined relationship:
The National Registry of Citizens is legally register of the Indian citizens, which where identify to illegal foreigners.’
The amendment of 2003 mandated construction and maintenance of the Citizenship Act 1955 periodically.
In January 2020, the NRC only implied on Assam. But the BJP government offering in 2019’s election manifesto the NRC list applied throughout the country.
NRC documents for all legal Indian citizens prominently who are the left out from the list are concerned as the illegal or called “Foreigners.”
In the case of Assam, many people had residency throw out from the list and considers them as “foreigners” due to lack of or deemed insufficient documents.
It concerned that the new amendment of the Citizenship Act 1955 creates a shield on the Non-Muslim communities.
Political Protest Against CAA :
The second higher opposition party, the Indian National Congress or UPA government, objected to this Act against the ruling party of BJP.
By saying the UPA government on this Act, i.e., it creates communal tensions in India.
The other states Chief Minister from the non-BJP Government, declare not to implement this law in their states.
But as per the Union Home Ministry, “State does not have legal power or lack of legal power to reject it.” according to Union List of 7th Schedule in the Constitution.
The next announcement that PM Modi had on 21 December said that the NRC is only implementing in Assam; there no intensions to implement nation-wide.
The Indian Union Muslim League redirects the petition to the Supreme Court of India on concern that the bill was illegal.
As well as one more petition against the bill was filed soon by the royal family of Tripura.
The hearing on all petition totals 60 petitions first held on 18 December 2019 to challenge against the Act.
But the Supreme Court had declined to stay for implementation of the Citizenship Amendment Act.
As soon as another petition filed about 143 petitions, including several petitions next after the first being heard, but the court again declined for stay.
For this petition, the next hearing was scheduled for 21 April 2020.
Hindu Refugees Concern:
So far, some Hindu refugees living in Assam since 1960 they had always denied Citizenship. Those refugees said that the amendment was “Kindled Hope.”
A refugee from Pakistan around 600 migrants resides in Delhi in refugee camp celebrated after hearing the new amendment of the law.
Major migrants of the Sikh community coming from Afghanistan cheerful to thank the Indian Government by presenting of Citizenship of Law.
They glad hearing about the new amendment of citizenship law makes it hopefully more comfortable to achieve Citizenship and can “join the mainstream.”
But some Rohingya Muslims have a fear about the new law. They were less hopeful and scared of deportation.
In Support Rallies for CAA full form:
Students groups which are wings of Hindu nationalist held rallies in support of the Act they are from:
- Akhil Bhartiya Vidhyarthi Parishad
- Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS)
From West Bengal, some rallies also had in support of the amendment by the BJP leaders. The BJP made an allegation against the State Government for blocking them.
The statement made by BJP leader against the Chief Minister Mamta Banerjee party’s members for misinforming state residents related to the Act.
Around 15,000 people belonging from Rajasthan join the rally held by BJP leader in support of the law.
New Delhi in support of this Act. Hundreds of people gathered and made a human chain for support of CAA full form.
From Bangalore, a number of the resident were out on streets in support of Government and CAA. Besides, in Kerala, ABVP also supports CAA full form and NRC.
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What is CAA ?
The CAA act 2019 means Citizenship Amendment Act 2019. The act passed on 11 December 2019 and came into force on 10 January 2020. The cab bill presented in parliament by ruling Government BJP. The bill proposes to amend citizenship act.
What is the Use of CAA ?
The purpose behind for CAA is mainly took the citizenship by hindu refugee who were illegally migrated in India and resides from far years. So the reason for implementing this act to protect those refugee with permanent citizenship.
What Is Benefit Of CAA ?
The CAA benefited non-muslim religious communities for relaxation from waiting citizenship far time of 11 years to 6 years. It is applicable on them seeking indian citizenship.
Does CAA Affects Indian Citizens ?
No, it clearly mention by Indian Government that the Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 or CAA does not affects any of the India’s existing citizens including muslim citizens. The Government said that with this amendment no relation of Indian citizens.
Is CAA NRC Against The Constitution ?
The Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar inserted in Article 14 fundamental rights of guaranteed citizenship to every Indian citizens. This amendment violates rights of citizenship. So in that reason major protest against CAA in India.